Sonnet and Ode Paragraph

Sonnet and Ode

Sonnet and ode are two important sub-forms of lyric poetry having several striking contrast. They simply mean a kind of song. Sonnet is a verse form consisting of fourteen English iambic pentametre lines and a complicated rhyme scheme. On the contrary, ode is an exalted lyric that begins with an address to someone expressing grief or agony but ends with consolation. It was originated in ancient Greece. The Greek poet named Pindar was the first to write odes. But sonnet was originated in Italy in the early 13th century. It was first written by a Sicilian lawyer, Lentino. It is a poem of fourteen lines only. Whereas an ode is seldom longer than 150 lines. It is a spontaneous overflow of the poet's emotions. 'High seriousness' is in its dignified and exalted quality. On the other hand, sonnet expresses the feelings of a poet in a restricted and limited range. It is classified as the Italian sonnet or Petrarchan sonnet, the English sonnet or Shakespearean sonnet and the Spenserian sonnet. But ode is categorised as the Pindaric ode or regular ode or public ode, the Horatian ode or private ode and irregular ode. However, sonnet and ode are very sweet and musical types of subjective poems. They have variety in structure and rhyme scheme. They are technically different from each other.

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